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Rajasthan Public Service Commission has an unprecedented history. In the year 1923, the Lee Commission recommended the establishment of a Union Public Service Commission in India, but this Commission did not give any consideration to the establishment of Public Service Commissions in the provinces. The provincial governments were free to make appointments and formulate state service rules as per their requirements.
At the time of formation of Rajasthan state, out of total 22 provinces, only 3 provinces – Jaipur, Jodhpur and Bikaner – had Public Service Commission functioning. The erstwhile management of the state of Rajasthan, formed after the integration of the princely states, established the Rajasthan Public Service Commission under an ordinance on August 16, 1949. This ordinance was published in the Rajasthan Gazette on August 20, 1949, and the ordinance came into effect from this date. Through this ordinance, other public service commissions and other institutions functioning like the Public Service Commission were closed. The ordinance also laid down rules related to the constitution of the Commission, staff and the work of the Commission.
In the initial phase, the Commission had one Chairman and two Members, the Chief Justice of Rajasthan, Sir S.K. Ghosh was appointed as the Chairman. Thereafter Shri Devishankar Tiwari and Shri NR Chandorkar as appointed members of Union Public Service Commission. Shri S.C. Tripathi, IAS was appointed as the Chairman. In the year 1951, the following rules were passed by the Head of the Raj as per the Constitution of India, with a view to regularize the work of the Commission.
1. Rajasthan Public Service Commission Terms of Service Rules, 1951
2. Rajasthan Public Service Commission Works Limitation Rules, 1951
They have an importance in the Indian Constitution because of the important functions performed by the Public Service Commissions and their fair functioning.
Article numbers 16, 234, 315 to 323 relate specifically to the work and jurisdiction of Public Service Commissions. The functioning of the Rajasthan Public Service Commission is determined by the Rajasthan Public Service Commission Rules and Conditions, 1963 and Rajasthan Public Service Commission (Validation of Terms and Procedure Ordinance 1975 and Rules 1976).