Ismat Chughtai was born on 21 August 1915. She died: 24 October 1919. She was an Urdu writer from India and also known as ‘Ismat Apa’. Ismat was the most controversial and prominent writer in Urdu literature, who raised the questions of women anew. She has narrated the mood of the lower middle class Muslim community to the depressed young girls in the truth in Urdu stories and novels.
Ismat Chughtai, the most controversial and prominent writer in Urdu literature, has been a great storyteller who raised the questions of women anew through her compositions. With the completion of her education, Ismat Chughtai came into the writing field. She instilled the female characters in her stories very seriously and that is why her characters are very close to life
Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21, 1915 in a upper-middle class family of Badaun Uttar Pradesh. They were ten siblings, of which Ismat was ninth including six brothers and four sisters. Her father was in a government department, due to this he would be transferred to Jodhpur, Agra and Aligarh, due to which the family would have to change the house quickly. That is why Ismat Chughtai’s life passed in all these places. All the sisters were older in age, so by the time they grew up and were married. In this case, she got less with the sisters and more with the brothers. Now living with the boys, she was also necessary to learn their activities and habits. In this way, Ismat Chughtai became cool, and did everything that her brother would do like playing football and Gilli Danda.
She got a course case against her in the Lahore High Court for her story Lihaaf (लिहाफ), which was dismissed later. Known as ‘Ismat Apa’ in the world of Urdu literature writer she died on 24 October 1991. According to her will, she was dedicated to Agni in Chandanbadi, Mumbai.
Ismat Chughtai Literature
Her first story- Genda, which was published in 1949 in ‘Saqi’, the best literary magazine of the Urdu literature of that period, and the first novel – Ziddi was published in 1941.
Ismat Chughtai Story
- Chauthi Ka Joda
- Bachchu Phupi
- Bahu Betiyan
- Do Haath
- Pahli Ladki
- Hindustan Chhor Do
- Apnaa Khoon
- Amar Bel
- Badan ki Khushboo
- Bhool Bhulayyaan
- Badi Sharm ki Baat
- Nanhi Ki Naani
- Chhuee Muee
- Ek Shauhar ki Khaatir
- Mughal Bachcha
- Ye Bachche
- Nanhi si Jaan
Ismat Chughtai – Film Career
She wrote the script of several films and also acted in Jugnu movie. Her first film (छेड़-छाड़) “Chhed-Chhaad” came in 1943. She was associated with a total of 13 films. Her last film was “Garm Hawa” (गर्म हवा) (1973) won several awards.
The canvas of her was quite elaborate with various shades of experience etched. It is believed that in the novel “टेढी लकीरे” she made her own life the main plot and presented the problems faced in a woman’s life and society from the perspective of a woman. She became very famous due to her ‘Lihaaf’ story. In this story written in 1941, she raised the issue of homosexuality among women. It was an adventurous act for a woman in those times to write this type of story. Ismat had to pay for her daredevil in the form of accusations and prosecutions for obscenity.
She took the risk of presenting the issues of women in a male dominated society, from the perspective of women, in some way, more than 70 years ago. The woman raises issues related to the fight for her existence.
She gave prominence to the ongoing women’s discourse in literature and society 70 years ago. This shows how far her thinking was ahead of her time. She instilled in her stories very feminine characters and this is why her characters seem very close to life. Along with the questions of women, they also introduced the evils, arrangements and other characters of the society. There is bewildering satire in his dissipation.
She used the typical idiomatic Ganga-Jamuni language that cannot be captured within the boundaries of Hindi Urdu. Her language fluency is amazing and it played an important role in popularizing her works. They introduced women with their own tongue in adulation. The most attractive thing in her creations was her bold writing style. She wrote fearlessly about society in her compositions and due to this her attitude made her a special place in literature.
In Urdu literature, Saadat Hasan Manto, Ismat Chughtai, Krishna Chandar and Rajinder Singh Bedi are considered the four pillars of the story. Even among these, critics place Saadat Hasan Manto and Ismat Chughtai at high places because the language, characters, issues and situations emanating from their writings gave new identity and strength to Urdu literature.
Other Works on Literature
कुँवारी and many other story-collections in Hindi and three collections of her stories were published in English. “Kali” became very famous among them.
Storyteller Shabnam Rizvi has transliterated the Hindi translation of the dozens of stories and the novel “टेढ़ी लकीर”. Her book इस्मत चुग़ताई की नावेलनिगारी in Urdu was published from Delhi in 1992. She is preparing for इस्मत चुग़ताई की नावेलनिगारी in Hindi.
Awards / Honors
- 1974 – Ghalib Award – For टेढ़ी लकीर
- Sahitya Academy Award
- ‘Iqbal Samman’,
- Makhdoom award
- Nehru Award